1.经济的快速发展 the rapid development of economy
2.人民生活水平的显著提高/ 稳步增长the remarkable improvement/ steady growth
of people’s living standard
3.先进的科学技术 advanced science and technology
4.面临新的机遇和挑战 be faced with new opportunities and challenges
5.人们普遍认为 It is commonly believed/ recognized that…
6.社会发展的必然结果 the inevitable result of social development
7.引起了广泛的公众关注 arouse wide public concern/ draw public attention
8.不可否认 It is undeniable that…/ There is no denying that…
9.热烈的讨论/ 争论 a heated discussion/ debate
10. 有争议性的问题 a controversial issue
11.完全不同的观点 a totally different argument
12.一些人 …而另外一些人 … Some people… while others…
13. 就我而言/ 就个人而言 As far as I am concerned, / Personally,
14.就…达到绝对的一致 reach an absolute consensus on…
15.有充分的理由支持 be supported by sound reasons
16.双方的论点 argument on both sides
17.发挥着日益重要的作用 play an increasingly important role in…
18.对…必不可少 be indispensable to …
19.正如谚语所说 As the proverb goes:
20.…也不例外 …be no exception
21.对…产生有利/不利的影响 exert positive/ negative effects on…
22.利远远大于弊 the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages
23.导致，引起 lead to/ give rise to/ contribute to/ result in
24.复杂的社会现象 a complicated social phenomenon
25.责任感 / 成就感 sense of responsibility/ sense of achievement
26. 竞争与合作精神 sense of competition and cooperation
27. 开阔眼界 widen one’s horizon/ broaden one’s vision
28.学习知识和技能 acquire knowledge and skills
29.经济/心理负担 financial burden / psychological burden
30.考虑到诸多因素 take many factors into account/ consideration
31. 从另一个角度 from another perspective
32.做出共同努力 make joint efforts
33. 对…有益 be beneficial / conducive to…
34.为社会做贡献 make contributions to the society
35.打下坚实的基础 lay a solid foundation for…
36.综合素质 comprehensive quality
37.无可非议 blameless / beyond reproach
39.致力于/ 投身于 be committed / devoted to…
40. 应当承认 Admittedly,
41.不可推卸的义务 unshakable duty
42. 满足需求 satisfy/ meet the needs of…
43.可靠的信息源 a reliable source of information
44.宝贵的自然资源 valuable natural resources
45.因特网 the Internet (一定要由冠词，字母I 大写)
46.方便快捷 convenient and efficient
47.在人类生活的方方面面 in all aspects of human life
48.环保(的) environmental protection / environmentally friendly
49.社会进步的体现 a symbol of society progress
50.科技的飞速更新 the ever-accelerated updating of science and technology
1. There is nothing better than to do sth / Nothing is + ~er than to + V (没有比做……更好 的了/没有比……更……)
If we are feeling down or lonely, there is nothing better than to see the smiling face of a good friend.如果我们情绪低落或感到孤独，那么没有比看到好友的笑脸更好的了。Nothing is more important than to receive education. 没有比接受教育更重要的事了。
2．It so happens that…＝sb happens to do sth (偶然……；碰巧……)
I happened to see Peter on the way to the bookstore yesterday.
=It happened that I saw Peter on the way to the bookstore yesterday.
3. Subject＋can/not/hardly/ never＋动词原形＋too much /enough (无论怎样……也不 算过分)
We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our environment too much. 我们怎么强调保护环境的重要性也不为过。
You can never be careful enough. 你越细心越好。
You can’t praise him too much.无论怎样称赞他也不过分。
One can’t be too honest. 一个人越老实越好。
We can’t be too faithful to our duties.我们必须尽忠于我们的职责。
4.Make the most of/ make full use of / make good use of/make the best of (充分利用……)You have only a short holiday, so make the most of it. 你的假期很短，好好利用吧。
5. It is universally acknowledged that +句子 (全世界都知道……)
It is universally acknowledged that trees are essential to us.
6. There is no doubt that +句子 (毫无疑问……)
There is no doubt that he is responsible for the accident.
7. An advantage of … is that +句子 (……的优点是……)
An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won't create (produce) any pollution.使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造任何污染。
8. The reason why…is that +句子 (……的原因是……)
The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air.我们必须种树的原因是它们能供应我们新鲜的空气。
9. Only +介词短语/从句/副词+ 倒装语序 (只有……才……)
Only in this way can we succeed. 只有用这种办法我们才能成功。
Only by working hard can we reach our goal.只有勤奋我们才能达到目标。
10.Adj + as + Subject(主语)+ be / Much + as + Subject /动词 + as +Subject (虽然……)
Young as he is, he knows a lot.虽然他年轻，他知道很多。
Much as I respect him, I can’t agree with him. 尽管我很尊敬他，我不同意他的意见。 Try as he might, he couldn’t pass the exam. 尽管他很努力，但就是不能通过考试。
11.The + ~er + S + V, the + ~er + S + V
The + more + Adj + S + V, the + more+ Adj + S + V (愈……愈……)
The harder you work, the more progress you make. 你愈努力，你愈进步。
By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy. 借着做运动，我们能够始终保持健康。 The villagers were making a living by selling souvenirs to the tourists.村民们以向游客兜售纪念品为生。
Mr White keeps fit by working out for half an hour every morning.怀特先生每天早晨锻炼半个小时以保持身体健康。
13.So…that…/such … that… (如此……以致于……)
She spoke so fast that nobody could catch what she was saying.
He made such rapid progress that he soon began to write articles in English.
Such rapid progress did he make that he soon began to write articles in English.
So angry was he that he couldn’t speak.他如此愤怒，以致说不出话来。
So precious is time that we can't afford to waste it. 时间是如此珍贵，我们经不起浪费它。
14.On no account can we + V (我们决不能……)
On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge. 我们决不能忽略知识的价值。 on no account =by no means = in no way决不；绝不
15.It is time + S +过去式(该是……的时候了)
It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.
16.Those who… (……的人)
Those who break the law should be punished.违反法律的人应该受到处罚。
17.①We should spare no efforts to beautify our environment.
②Be closely related to… (与……息息相关)
Taking exercise is closely related to health. 做运动与健康息息相关。
③Do good to (对……有益)，do harm to (对……有害)
Reading does good to our mind. 读书对心灵有益。
Overwork does harm to health. 工作过度对健康有害。
④Listening to music enables us to feel relaxed. 听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。
⑤Take place (发生；举行)
The Olympic Games take place every four years.奥林匹克运动会每四年举行一次。 Great changes have taken place in my hometown since 1978. 自从1978年以来，我的家 乡已发生了很大的变化。
18.Be nowhere to be seen/found/heard (哪儿也见不到/找不到/听不到……)
The children were nowhere to be seen.根本看不见孩子们在哪儿。
The book is nowhere to be found. 哪儿也找不到这本书。
19.Make it a rule to + V (养成……的习惯)
We should make it a rule to keep regular hours. 我们应该养成按时作息的习惯。
20.Find /think /feel /make /etc + it + adj/n to do/that–clause (发现/认为某事或者做某事……) We all think it important to learn English well.我们都认为学好英语重要。
I feel it my duty to help the people in trouble.我觉得帮助处于困境中的人们是我的责任。 Betty made it clear that she would support Amy.贝蒂清楚地表明她要支持艾米。
21.Due to/Owing to/Thanks to/On account of /because of + N (因为……)
Thanks to his encouragement, I finally realized my dream.
22.What a(n) + Adj + N + S + V!= How + Adj + a(n) + N + V!(多么……！)
What an important thing it is to keep our promise!
How important a thing it is to keep our promise! 遵守诺言是多么重要的事！
23.Be not (no longer) what sb / sth was (used to be) (某人某物不是过去的某人某物) My hometown is no longer what it used to be. 我的家乡不是过去的家乡了。
My hometown is no longer the same as it was (used to be). 我的家乡不是过去的家乡了。 My hometown is no longer what it was ten years ago. 我的家乡已不是10年前的家乡了。
24.It’s no wonder / No wonder (难怪……)
No wonder you’ re tired; you have been working for hours.
25.As an old saying goes，(俗话说得好……)
As an old saying goes, "Honesty is the policy." 俗话说得好：诚实为上策。
26.Cannot help but do sth / can’t help doing (忍不住……；不得不……)
Whenever I think of the happy days of my childhood, I cannot help but feel excited.
= Every time I think of the happy days of my childhood, I cannot help feeling excited.每当我想起儿童时代的快乐日子，我就忍不住感到兴奋。
27.Sb is said to do (据说……，人们说……)
It is said that Ken is very good at operating computers.
= Ken is said to be very good at operating computers.
= People say that Ken is very good at operating computers. 据说肯非常擅长操作电脑。
28.There is no need for sth / there is no need to do sth (没有必要做……)
There is no need for us to stay here. 我们没有必要在这儿停留。
29.Do what one can to do / do all one can to do /do everything one can to do
I’ll do what I can to help you.= I’ll do all I can to help you.
I’ll do everything I can to help you. 我将尽力帮助你。
30.It takes … to do (做某事需要……)
It will take a lot of courage to tell the truth. 说真话需要很大的勇气。
It takes a very unusual mind to undertake analysis of the obvious.
Perseverance is a kind of quality and that’s what it takes to do anything well.
注意比较：It takes sb some time to do sth (某人花时间做某事)
It took me half an hour to finish my homework.做完作业花了我半个小时。
31.It is a waste of time or money to do sth (做……是浪费时间或者钱)
It is a waste of time to talk to him. 和他说话是浪费时间。
32.Be of great value (importance, significance, use, help, benefit, interest)
A college education is of great value in one’s life. 高等教育在人生中很重要。
33.Have no choice but to do sth / have no alternative but to do (别无他法，只得……；不得不) The enemy had no choice but to give in. 敌人只得投降。
34.On (the) one hand, on the other hand (一方面……，另一方面……)
On the one hand, I like the colours of the painting, but on the other hand, I don’t like the background of it.一方面，我喜欢这幅画的颜色；但另一方面，我不喜欢画的背景。
35.Not only… but also… (不但……而且……)
Not only does he work faster, but also he works better. 他不仅干得快，也干得更好。
36.If only… (要是……该多好啊)
If only I had the book! 我要是有那本书就好了！
If only you had worked with greater care! 你干活时要是再认真些就好了！
If only I had arrived there five minutes earlier yesterday!昨天要是早到5分钟该多好啊！
37.Weather permitting, …… (时间允许的话……，独立主格结构)
Weather permitting, we’ll go out for a walk. 时间允许的话，我们去散散步。
38.祈使句＋and / or
Work hard and you will pass the exam.努力学习，你就能通过考试。
Hurry up or you’ll be late. 赶快，否则你就要迟到了。
39.As time goes on / with time going on, (随着时间的推移……，)
As time goes on /With time going on, music grows and changes and is making our lives more colourful.随着时间的推移，音乐不断发展变化，使我们的生活越来越丰富多彩了。
40.It occurs to sb to do sth/ It occurs to sb that /sth occurs to sb (想起……；想到……) It occurred to me to visit my friend. 我想到我要去看看我的朋友。
It occurred to me that I had forgotten my keys. 我想起了我忘带钥匙了。
A good idea suddenly occurred to me. 我突然想起了一个好主意。
Jack didn’t understand why his mother was angry with him until she told him everything. 直到杰克的母亲把一切对他和盘托出，他才明白母亲为什么跟他生气。
Not until his mother told him everything did Jack understand why she was angry him.(倒装句)
It was not until his mother told him everthing that Jack understood why she was angry with him.(强调句)
42.What surprises me most /What impresses me most /What worries me most is that…… (最使我惊奇的是/给我印象最深的是/最使我担心的是……)
What surprised me most was that he didn't attend the meeting.最使我惊奇的是他没有参加会议。
What impresses me most is that they never lose heart.给我印象最深的是他们从不泄气。
43.As we all know/as is known to all, … (众所周知……)
As we all know, Taiwan is part of China. 众所周知，台湾是中国不可分割的一部分。 As is known to the United States, Mark Twain is a great American writer.
44.As soon as/ the moment/ the minute/ the instant/ immediately/ directly /no sooner…than/ hardly…when/on + 名词/doing (一……就……)
Please telephone me immediately you get home. 到家就给我打电话。
No sooner had he arrived there than he fell sick. 他刚到那儿就病倒了。
On their return, they were praised as national heroes.他们一回来，就被誉为民族英雄。 On his arrival he went straight to the counter and spoke to the clerk in uniform.他一到就直径奔向柜台和穿着制服的职员说话。
45.It is/ was…that… (强调句型)
Jack bought two tickets for the musical last Friday. 杰克上星期五买了两张音乐剧的票。 It was Jack that bought two tickets for the musical last Friday. 上星期五买了两张音乐剧票的是杰克。
It was last Friday that Jack bought two tickets for the musical. 杰克是在上星期五买了两张音乐剧的票。
46.No matter what/ which/ where/ when/ who/ whom/ how = whatever/ whichever/ wherever/ whenever/ whoever/ whomever/ however (无论……)
No matter who knocks at the door, don’t answer it.无论谁敲门，都不要开门。 No matter what he says, I won’t believe him. 无论他说什么，我都不会相信他。 However cold it is, he always goes swimming. 不管天多冷，他都要去游泳。
No matter who(m) you speak to, you should be polite.不管你跟谁说话，都应该有礼貌。 He failed again and again no matter how hard he tried.无论他怎么努力，总是屡次失败。
●at the thought of一想到…
●as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论
●at will 随心所欲
●(be) abundant in(be rich in; be wellsupplied with) 富于，富有
●access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近，进入，了解
●by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地，意外.Without accident(=safely) 安全地，
●of one’s ownaccord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地
●in accord with 与…一致 . out ofone’s accord with 同…。不一致
●with one accord (=with everybodyagreeing)一致地
●in accordance with (=in agreement with)依照，根据
● on one’s own account为了某人的缘故， 为了某人自己的利益
●give sb. an account of 说明， 解释 (理由)
●account for (=give an explanation orreason for) 解释，说明。
● on account of (=because of) 由于，因为。
●on no account(=in no case, for noreason)绝不要，无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)
●be accustomed to (=be in the habit of,be used to)习惯于。
●be acquainted with(=to have knowledgeof) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉
●act on 奉行，按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理
●adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于
●adapt…(for) (=make sth.Suitable for a new need) 改编，改写(以适应新的需要)
●in addition (=besides) 此外， 又， 加之
●in addition to(=as well as, besides,other than)除…外
●adhere to (=abide by, conform to,comply with, cling to, insist on,persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持， 遵循
●adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的， 临近的
●adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;
●admit of (=be capable of, leave roomfor) …的可能，留有…的余地。
● in advance (before in time) 预告， 事先
●to advantage 有利的，使优点更加突出地
●have an advantage over 胜过;have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件;have the advantage of sb。知道某人所不知道的事
●take advantage of利用
●agree with 赞同(某人意见) agreeto 同意
●in agreement (with) 同意， 一致
●ahead of 在…之前， 超过…. ahead of time 提前
●in the air 1)不肯定， 不具体. 2)在谣传中
●above all (=especially, most importantof all) 尤其是，最重要的
●in all (=counting everyone oreverything, altogether) 总共，总计
●after all 毕竟，到底; (not)at all 一点也不;all at once(=suddenly)突然; once andfor all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of
all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎
●allow for (=take into consideration,take into account) 考虑到，估计到
●amount to (=to be equal to) 总计， 等于。
● answer for (undertake responsibilityfor, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责。
●answer to (=conform to) 适合，符合。
●be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for
●apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉
●appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁.appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力
●apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请; applyfor申请; apply to 适用。
●apply to 与…有关;适用
●approve of 赞成， approve vt. 批准
●arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起。
1). It’s adj for sb to do 做…对某人来说…
2). … so … that … 如此… 以至于…
… too … to do 太… 而不能…
such … that … 如此… 以至于…
3). not…until… 直到…才…
例： I didn’t go to bed until my mother came back。
4).The reason why + 句子 is that + 句子 … 的原因是…
The reason why he got angry was that she told him a lie. ( 他生气的原因是她对他说了谎。)
5). That is why + 句子 那是…的原因
6). That is because + 句子 那是因为…
7). It is said that + 句子 据说…
It is reported that + 句子 据报道…
8). There is no doubt that + 句子 毫无疑问…
9). It goes without saying that + 句子 不言而喻，毫无疑问
10). There is no need to do 没必要做…
11). There is no point in doing 做某事毫无意义
12. as is known to all, +句子 众所周知
as we all know, +句子 据我们所知
it is generally/ publicly known / considered that…, 众所周知
had better (not) do 最好(不)做
how about / what about doing …怎么样
I think you should do 我认为你应该…
I suggest / advice that you should do 我建议你做…
If I were you, I would do… 我要是你的话，我会做…
It’s best to do 最好做…
Why not do / why don’t you do…为什么不…
like / love doing
be fond of doing 喜欢做…
be keen on n/doing 喜欢做…
prefer to do A rather than do B 宁愿做A也不愿做B
be interested in doing = show/ take great interest in n / doing
try to do努力做…
strive to do 努力做…
try one’s best to do = do one’s best to do 竭尽全力做…
make efforts to do = make every effort to do 尽力做…
do what sb can (do ) to do 尽力做…
spare no effort to do 不遗余力的做…
do what / everything sb. can to do 尽某人全力做…
5. 打算做… / 计划做…6句
intend / plan to do 打算做…
be going to do 打算做…
decide to do 决定做…
determine to do决定做…
be determined to do决定做…
make up one’s mind to do 下定决心做…
want to do
= would like to do 想做…
hope to do 希望做…
expect to do 期待着做…
wish to do 希望做…
consider doing 考虑做…
finish 完成/ practice 练习 / suggest建议 / consider 考虑 / mind 介意 / enjoy 喜欢doing固定句型
look forward to doing 盼望做…
keep on doing 坚持做…
dream of doing 梦想做…
can’t help doing 情不自禁地做…
keep / stop / prevent sb. from doing 阻止某人做…
be busy (in ) doing be busy with + 名词 忙于做…
spend time / money (in )doing spend time / money on + 名词 花费时间做…
have fun / have a good time / enjoy oneself doing 玩得开心
have trouble / have problem / have difficulty (in) doing 或 with + 名词 做…有困难
1. is now being questioned by more and more people.
2. Although many people claim that, along with the rapidly economic development, the
number of people who use are decreasing and is bound to
die out. The information I've collected over the recent years leads me to believe that will continue to play extremely important roles in modern society.
3. experts point out that increasing not only causes serious
problems such as global warming but also could threaten to end human life on our planet.
4. In view of such serious situation, environmental tools of transportation likeare more important than any time before.
5. Using contributes greatly to people's physical fitness as well as使用有助于人们的身体健康，并。
6. Despite many obvious advantages of , it is not without
7. is more than just an electronic appliance; it is a means of
expression, as well as a vehicle for communication, and as such becomes a powerful tool for
reaching other human beings.
8. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that advantages
offar outweigh its disadvantages and it will still play essential roles in
9. There is a general discussion these daysover in many colleges
and institutes. One of the questions under debate is whetheris
10. This issue has caused wide public concern.
11. It must be noted that learning must be done by a person himself.
12. A large number of people tend to live under the illusion that . Obviously,they seem to fail to take into account the basic fact that 许多人存在这样的误解，认为。显然，他们忽视了这一基本事实。
13. As for me, I'm in favor of the opinion that e, for the following reasons:
14. It is commonly accepted that
15. As for me, the declining of is not a bad thing; it is the natural result of progress of society.
16. It is commonly thought that our society had dramatically changed by modern science and technology, and human had made extraordinary progress in knowledge and technology over the recent decades.
17. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that learning new skills and knowledge contributes directly to enhancing their job opportunities or promotion opportunities.现在越来越多的人开始相信学习新的技术和知识能直接帮助他们获得工作就会或提升的机会。
18. An investigation shows that
19. However,is now being questioned by more and more experts,who point out that it is unhealthy for
20. For people who want to adopt a healthy and meaningful lifestyle, it is important to find time to，Just as an old saying goes: it is never too late to learn.
21. There is a general debate on the campus today over the phenomenon of college or high school students' doing a part-time job.
22. By taking a major-related part-job, students can not only improve their academic studies, but gain much experience, experience they will never be able to get from the textbooks.
23. Although people's lives have been dramatically changed over the last decades, it must be admitted that, shortage of funds is still the one of the biggest questions that students nowadays have to face because that tuition fees and prices of books are soaring by the day.
24. Consequently, the extra money obtained from part-time job will strongly support students to continue to their study life.
25. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw a conclusion that part-time job can produce a far-reaching impact on students and they should be encouraged to take part-time job, which will benefit student sand their family, even the society as a whole.
Wed. July. 27.2016.Sunny
Yesterday I Buying equipment for my bike,A “Bicycle stopwatch”.It can tell me my velocity.
In the afternoon,I ride my bicycle in the JIANGSU UNIVERSITY.At first,I ride18km/h,but soon I ride 22-25km/h,and then I start to speed up.About 10Minutes,I keep my velocity27-28km/h,keep it a long time,so it makes me feel very tired and thirsty.But I also feel excite. It’s so Furious. Feel the joy brought by speed. Especially when the velocity is 30km/h or faster.Also it’s the reason of why I love cycling.
I ride 16km ,use about30-40 Minutes. Cycling can exercise my leg muscles.At the same time it also can exercise my endurance.So it’s a very good exercise.And it’s to me--the half of my life.Maybe someone think it’s exaggerated.But it’s ture.
1. 路 2. 时代 3. 战斗 4. 牧师 5. 服装 6. 哭 7. 美丽,漂亮 8. 拉,拖 9.
旋转 10. 生气,气愤 11. 错误 12. 图画 13. 特别的 14. 取消,消灭 15.破碎
16. 环境,形势 17. 著名的 18. 强盗 19. 摇动,颤动 20. 说话,谈话 21. 事情,事件 22. 承认 23. 走路 24. 跳 25. 特点,特征 26. 增加 27. 笑 28. 疯
29.味道 30. 滑 31. 怕 32. 闪光 33. 大 34. 感情 35. 工作,职业 36. 停止
37. 旅行 38. 抓,握 39. 看,凝视 40. 静 41. 消灭 42. 结果 43. 表明,代表
44. 帮助 45. 获得,得到 46. 礼品,礼物 47. 愚蠢 48. 地区 49. 会议,集会
way: Wherever there is room for an object to proceed, there is a way. road: A road is a prepared way for traveling with horses or vehicles. path: A way suitable to be traveled only by foot passengers or by animals.
route: A route is a line of travel, and may be over many roads.
street: A street is in some centre of habitation, as a city town or village, when it passes between houses of dwellings. avenue: A avenue is a long, broad and imposing( 壮严) or principal street.
(时期)period: It indicates any passage of time, great or small. /an extent of time of any length.
(时代)time(s): It refers to a period in history. in ancient times/ in Victoria time
(新时代)epoch: It indicates a long period of time marked by events or development of a particular kind.
The first flight into space marked a new epoch in the history of
(纪元)era: It refers to a very long period of time marked by a
particular feature in a great new era of world revolution (时期)age: It shows a particular /a fairly definite period in history. the Bronze
Age, Iron Age
fight: It is a bodily struggle (奋斗 斗争)
struggle: An effort of any kind to overcome difficulty. (战斗) battle: A fight between armed forces.
(战役) campaign: A series of related military operations in a war. (战争) war: A period of fight between countries or states whenweapons are used and many people are killed.
(对抗) combat: A fight, conflict, controversy.
4.牧师 (教士 牧师)
priest: A person, esp. a man specially trained for various religious duties and ceremonies, in the Christian church, esp. in the Roman Catholic church
(牧师) minister: A member of clergy, esp. Protestant churches.(牧师) clergy(pl): The officially appointed leader of the religious activities of a particular church or temple.
clergyman: clergymen(pl) a member of clergy.
(牧师) pastor: A Christian religious leader in charge of a church and its members, esp. in a Protestant church.
(教区牧师) vicar: A priest in charge of an area(parish) in the church of England.
father: A little of respect for a priest, esp. in the Roman Catholic.
clothing(collect): (fml) General term of clothes.
clothes(no single): Coverings of the body such as coats, dresses, suits, shoes, hats.
garment(fl): A suit of clothes used by actors./a single article of clothing.
costume: 1) The fashion of dress peculiar to a people, nation, class, period, etc.
2) A dress worn by actors in a play. uniform: worn by all members of the community.
dress: 1) A kind of outer garment worn by women (连衣裙).
2) worn on special occasions (礼服) evening dress/ morning dress suit: A set of outer clothes to be worn together. evening
coat: A garment with sleeves worn on top of other clothes from rain, heat, etc.
overcoat: A warn coat worn in the street.
cry: The most general one.
(哭泣) weep: To let flow tears.
(抽泣 抽嗒) sob: To weep or sigh with short quick breaths. (哭天抹泪 涕泪交流) snivel: To sniffle and cry in a irritating manner. (哭嚎 又哭又闹) blubber: To cry loudly noisily.
(发出低声报怨声) whine: To make a low complaining cry. (嚎哭) bawl: To utter loud cries (always in bad sense). (痛哭) wail: To cry aloud from pain or sorrow.
(呻吟) moan: To make a low, miserable sound in pain or sorrow.
(呻吟) grown: To make a low sound of pain, unhappiness or disapproval
(哀悼) mourn: To feel or show sadness or sorrow for someone who has died.
(哀悼) lament: To express great sorrow or regret.
good-looking: Having an attractive appearance in a strong, healthy way used for men and women not things.
beautiful: ( a woman or a thing) Suggesting symmetry of features or perfection of proportion, elegance and mobility. beautiful flowers, a beautiful girl/voice/city/face beautiful weather. handsome: Of attractive appearance applies to men. a handsome fellow/actor/horse/buildings/young man.
pretty: (a girl, or a small thing) Suggesting liveliness and
sweetness,pleasing or nice to look at. a pretty little woman/garden, a pretty girl/picture/piece of music,
lovely: (something) So beautiful that it makes you feel good to look at it or even to think about it. The garden looks lovely.
fair: Beautiful( of woman in poet) light in color esp., skin hair.
gorgeous: (persons or things) (inf) Extremely beautiful or handsome.
pull: The most general one.
draw: It implies a smoother, steadier motion and generally a lighter force than pull.
drag: It usually refers to horizontal motion or motion up an incline (slope) and it suggests laborious efforts over rough ground or against friction,resistance or gravity.
The escaped prisoner was dragged out of his hiding place.
haul: It implies continuous pulling or dragging of heavy or bulky objects.
The fisherman is hauling a net.
tug: It applies to hard often sudden violent effort to pull.
He tugged at my sleeve to ask directions.
jerk: To pull suddenly.
He jerked out the knife that was stuck in the wound. tow: To pull by a rope or chain. We towed the car to the nearest garage.
wrench: To pull hard with a twisting or turning movement.
turn: The most general one.
(自转) spin: To turn quickly around a central point.
It emphasizes the continuity of the action, and usually the narrow extent of the circular motion.
The wheel is spinning on its axis.
(急转) whirl: To round very fast.
It implies the lock of conscious control.
The leaves whirl in the wind in the yard.
(转动) rotate: To turn round a fixed point with a circular movement.
The earth rotates once every 24 hours.
(绕转) revolve: To turn or move in a circle around a central point.
It indicates circular or elliptical (椭圆) movement. The planets revolve around the sun.