时间:2018-11-14 08:10:06 英语写作指导 我要投稿


  1.句式要有变化:① 复合句、并列句 ② 倒装句


  (1) 虚拟语气中if省略 (2)only+状语置于句首

  (3)否定词置于句首 (4)地点副词置于句首

  ③ 强调句型 It is ……that (who)…④ 非谓语动词。⑤ 虚拟语气

  ⑥ 固定句型结构

  1.too…to… 2.so…that…. 3.such a…that…4.not only…but..also… 6.neither…nor…

  7.such as… 8.not …until… 9.so that… 10.either…or…



  ① 使用高等级词汇 ② 使用短语 ③ 使用谚语

  ④ 使用表强调的词,如alone, just, single, only, not…at all; on the earth; the very; on earth等

  ⑤ 使用修辞手法:明喻,暗喻,夸张,头韵,拟人等

  as busy as a bee; as proud as a peacock; as blind as a bat; as cool as a cucumber

  3. 使用连接词,过渡自然,连贯通顺,一气呵成

  1) 用于按空间展开的段落之中的连接词和过渡词有:

  above before me here on the left across below in the distance on the right

  beyond nearby opposite to over also further next to on top of

  up down close to beneath under around near to along

  2) 用于按时间顺序展开的段落之中的连接词和过渡词有

  soon, then, suddenly, at the same time, next, early, this morning /year, now, after, at present, later, afterwards finally, at last, all of a sudden , at noon , in the morning/afternoon/evening

  3) 用于按分析法展开的段落之中的连接词和过渡词有

  first, second, etc. now for this purpose; but as a result furthermore;finally at last moreover

  also therefore likewise;another for example next; yet for instance on the contrary

  once in addition in summary;such in this case on the other hand

  then otherwise in conclusion thus

  4) 用于按比较法展开的段落之中的连接词和过渡词有

  another moreover in addition (to)

  equally important too, also at the same time

  besides then in the same way in fact like, similarly

  5) 用于按对比法展开的段落之中的连接词和过渡词有

  on the contrary different from on the other hand in contrast to despite

  in spite of, yet, but ,whereas, unlike nevertheless not only…butalso here…there years)one ago…today the former…the latter then…now some…others one…the other once…now

  on (the one hand…on the other hand(一方面…另一方面)


  递进: then(然后), besides(还有), furthermore(而且), moreover(此外)

  转折: however(然而), but(但是), on the country(相反), after all(毕竟)

  总结: finally(最后), at last(最后), in brief(总之),

  in conclusion(最后)。强调: indeed(确实), certainly(一定), surely(确定), above all(尤其)。对比: in the same way(同样地), just as(正如), on the one hand…on the other hand




  1)There are three reasons for this... 2)The reasons for this are as follows...

  3)The reason for this is obvious... 4)The reason for this is not far to seek...

  5)The reason for this is that...6)We have good reason to believe that...

  例如:There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life.Firstly,people’s living standard has been greatly improved.Secondly,most people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like.Last but not least,more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life. 注:如考生写第一个句子没有把握,可将其改写成两个句子。如:Great changes have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误。


  1)It has the following advantages.2)It does us a lot of good.3)It is beneficial to us.4)It benefits us quite a lot. 5)It is of great benefit to us.

  例如: Books are like friends.They can help us know the world better,and they can open our minds and widen our horizons.Therefore,reading extensively is of great benefit to us.


  1)It has more disadvantages than advantages. 2)It does us much harm. 3)It is harmful to us.

  例如: However,everything divides into two.Television can also be harmful to us.It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching television.


  1)It is important(necessary,difficult,convenient, possible)for sb.to do sth.

  2)We think it necessary to do sth. 3)It plays an important role in our life.

  例如: Computers are now being used everywhere,whether in the government,in schools or in business.Soon, computers will be found in every home,too.We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age.


  1)We should take some effective measures. 2)We should try our best to overcome(conquer)the difficulties. 3)We should do our utmost in doing sth. 4)We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with.

  例如: The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious.Therefore,we must take some effective measures to solve it.


  1)Some changes have taken place in the past five years. 2)A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications. 3)The computer has brought about many changes in education. 例如: Some changes have taken place in people’s diet in the past five years.The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek.Nowadays,more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein,and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins.


  1)We cannot ignore the fact that... 2)No one can deny the fact that... 3)There is no denying the fact that... 4)This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in. 5)However,that’s not the case.

  例如: We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution.To solve these problems, we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution.The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment.


  1)Compared with A,B... 2)I prefer to read rather than watch TV. 3)There is a striking contrast between them.

  例如:Compared with cars,bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable.Firstly,they do not consume natural resources of petroleum.Secondly,they do not cause the pollution problem.Last but not least,they contribute to people’s health by giving them due physical exercise.


  1)It has increased(decreased)from...to... 2)The population in this city has now increased (decreased)to 800,000. 3)The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January.

  例如: With the improvement of the living standard,the proportion of people’s income spent on food has decreased while that spent on education has increased.

  再如: From the graph listed above,it can be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000.


  1)People have(take,adopt,assume)different attitudes towards sth. 2)People have different opinions on this problem. 3)People take different views of(on)the question. 4)Some people believe that...Others argue that...

  例如: People have different attitudes towards failure.Some believe that failure leads to success. Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of success at their renewed endeavor.However, others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of losers.

  再如: Do “lucky numbers really bring good luck?Different people have different views on it. 注:一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始,考生应掌握这一写作方法。


  1)In short,it can be said that ... 2)It may be briefly summed up as follows. 3)From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that ...

  例如: From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that examination is necessary,however, its method should be improved.注:例句1可用于任何一个段落的结论句;例句3则多用文章结论段的第一句。


  1)It’s well known to us that ... 2)As is known to us,... 3)This is a topic that is being widely talked about. 4)From the graph(table,chart)listed above,it can be seen that ... 5)As a proverb says,“Where there is a will,there is a way.?

  例如: As is well known to us,it is important for the students to know the world outside campus. The reason for this is obvious.Nowadays,the society is changing and developing rapidly,and the campus is no longer an ‘ivory tower’. As college students,we must get in touch with the world outside the campus.Only in this way can we adapt ourselves to the society quickly after we graduate.

  再如: Does it pay to be honest?This is a topic that is being widely talked about and different people have different opinions on it.

  5. 英文写作必背之35句型

  一、the + ~ est + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)

  the most + 形容词 + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)

  例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen.

  海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。 Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had. 张老师是我曾经遇到最仁慈的教师。

  二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V

  例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education.


  三、cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much.(再怎么强调...的重要性也不为过。)

  例句:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.


  四、There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否认的...)

  例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse. 不可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。

  五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~ (全世界都知道...)

  例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us.


  六、There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的...)

  例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired.


  七、An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子(...的优点是...)

  例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won't create (produce) any pollution. 使用太阳能的`优点是它不会制造任何污染。

  八、The reason why + 句子 ~~~ is that + 句子(...的原因是...)

  例句:The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air./ The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us.


  九、So + 形容词 + be + 主词 + that + 句子(如此...以致于...)

  例句:So precious is time that we can't afford to waste it.


  十、Adj + as + Subject(主词)+ be, S + V~~~ (虽然...)

  例句: Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. {by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不}


  十一、The + ~er + S + V, the + ~er + S + V

  The + more + Adj + S + V, the + more+ Adj + S + V (愈...愈...) 例句:The harder you work, the more progress you make. 你愈努力,你愈进步。

  The more books we read, the more learned we become.


  十二、By +Ving, can(借着...,..能够..)

  例句:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy.


  十三、enable + Object(受词)+ to + V (..使..能够..)

  例句:Listening to music enables us to feel relaxed.


  十四、On no account can we + V (我们绝对不能...)

  例句:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.


  十五、It is time + S + 过去式 (该是...的时候了)

  例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps(measures/action) to solve the traffic problems.


  十六、Those who ~~~ (...的人...)

  例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.


  十七、There is no one but ~~~ (没有人不...)

  例句:There is no one but longs to go to college.


  十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不...)

  例句:Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports.


  十九、It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的)

  It is obvious that + 句子 (明显的)

  It is apparent that + 句子 (显然的)

  例句:It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life. 可想而知,知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。

  二十、That is the reason why ~~~ (那就是...的原因)

  例句:Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don't like it.


  二十一、For the past + 时间,S + 现在完成式.(过去...年来,...一直...)

  例句:For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for the examination. 过去两年来,我一直忙着准备考试。

  二十二、Since + S + 过去式,S + 现在完成式。

  例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard. 自从他上高中,他一直很用功。

  二十三、It pays to + V(...是值得的。)

  例句:It pays to help others.


  二十四、be based on (以...为基础)

  例句:The progress of the society is based on harmony.


  二十五、Spare no effort/expense to + V (不遗余力的)

  例句:We should spare no effort/expense to beautify our environment.


  二十六、bring home to + 人 + 事 (让...明白...事)

  例句:We should bring home to people the value of working hard. 我们应该让人们明白努力的价值。

  二十七、be closely related to ~~ (与...息息相关)

  例句:Taking exercise is closely related to health.


  二十八、Get into the habit of + Ving= make it a rule to + V (养成...的习惯)

  We should get into the habit of keeping good hours.


  二十九、Due to/Owing to/Thanks to + N/Ving, ~~~(因为...)

  例句:Thanks to his encouragement, I finally realized my dream.


  三十、What a + Adj + N + S + V!= How + Adj + a + N S+ V!(多么...!)

  例句:What an important thing it is to keep our promise!

  How important a thing it is to keep our promise!


  三十一、Leave much to be desired (令人不满意)

  例句:The condition of our traffic leaves much to be desired.


  三十二、Have a great influence on (对...有很大的影响)

  例句:Smoking has a great influence on our health.


  三十三、do good to (对...有益),do harm to (对...有害)

  例句:Reading does good to our mind.读书对心灵有益。

  Overwork does harm to health.工作过度对健康有害。

  三十四、Pose a great threat to (对...造成一大威胁)

  例句:Pollution poses a great threat to our existence.


  三十五、do one's utmost to + V = do one's best (尽全力去...)

  例句:We should do our utmost to achieve our goal in life.